Last week, I listed my first 6 training lessons and here are another 6 to help you in your training, programming, and coaching.
7. Learn the Olympic Lifts
Most of my training programs are designed around the O-lifts and their accessory movements. They are some of the most beneficial exercises for improving strength, power, and performance in sports, however they must first be properly learned. In order to fully benefit from the exercises, you need to learn the technical aspects of the movements. For example, a hang clean isn't just getting a bar from mid thigh to a front squat position, it's doing so with the correct muscle firing pattern. Hip hinge (not squat), pulling yourself under the bar (not jumping), pushing your elbows through (not perpendicular to the floor), and catching in the racked position (instead of landing on the wrist) are all important details to performing a proper clean.
8. Do More Turkish Get Ups
Other than the above mentioned Olympic lifts, nothing hits the total system quite like a Turkish Get Up. Ground movement, unilateral training, mobility, shoulder stability, and overhead work are all included in a single movement. In terms of programming efficiency, very few exercises hit as many categories as the get up.
9. Be Brilliant at the Basics
This goes hand in hand with two of my previous notes - simplify and know your progressions. The best powerlifters in the world base their programs around three lifts - squat, deadlift, and bench press. Everything else is supplemental and if you look at programs like Jim Wendler's 5/3/1, you realize the importance of mastering the basics. Compound movements, varying intensity depending on goals, and giving the program time to work are the keys to successful training. If you can't perform a push up with perfect form, you shouldn't be maxing out on bench.
10. Battle Ropes are a Beautiful Thing
There are several ways to condition the lower body - Tabata squats, stadiums, hill sprints, etc. - and fewer options for the upper body that provide a similar effect. My personal favorite is the battle rope. If you want to blast your shoulders like you've never experienced, 20 second reps of slams, alternating slams, circles, and jumping jacks can work the shoulder stabilizers and total body better than most alternatives.
11. Seek Balance
I don't mean do all of your exercises on a BOSU ball or Airex pad. Balance means maintaining the relationships in your training program. The first comparison that comes to mind is upper body pulling to pressing. For athletes who spend most of their time focusing on their anterior musculature (mirror muscle/beach body workouts, sitting at a desk, poor posture, etc.) and it's important to balance out everyday life by increasing posterior work in training. Likewise, balancing squats and hip hinge movements is important in developing lower body power and decreasing knee imbalances.
12. Don't be Afraid to Try Something New
I recently started playing around with primal move workouts and realized something interesting...they make for an incredible warm up. I like how they can flow from one movement to another, building upon itself similar to a yoga/pilates flow. I was skeptical at first, but after playing around with the movements, I discovered a flow I like using as a warm up or mobility circuit. There are thousands of great ideas out there and without experimenting a little from time to time, you're limiting the tools at your disposal.
I hope these help you in your training. Next week I will put up part three of the series.
All the best,
Drew Henley, CSCS, USAW, CES