Training doesn't need to be complicated. Build your base with compound lifts, balance hip hinge with squat movements, upper body presses/pulls and you have the makings of a solid program. Add in the extras after these basic movements are established, not as the foundation. Master the basics before trying to get complicated.
2. Know Your Progressions/Regressions
This is especially important for coaches with athletes of different levels. Just because the workout calls for back squats doesn't mean that's the proper lift for all athletes. An exercise is only as effective as the athlete performing it. If an athlete can't perform a body weight squat with proper form, don't advance them to a loaded squat. Here's a simple progression I like for the above example: body weight squat > goblet squat > front squat > back squat. Likewise, if you are working with a group of athletes that have a low training age, but an individual would benefit from more advanced exercises, it's important to know the "next step" exercise for each movement.
3. Include More Unilateral Work
A lot of coaches have been switching to more single leg work in place of constantly programming heavy squats/deadlifts. The reason being the combined weight of each leg trained individually can be greater than with bilateral exercises. While you may be able to put more stress on the leg musculature, I prefer single leg work for its core activation and reduced stress on the lumbar spine. This goes beyond single leg exercises and includes the arms as well. Single arm dumbbell military press is a shoulder-friendly vertical press with a heavy demand on the trunk to prevent lateral flexion. I don't program in much strict ab work, so being able to include it with other movements help improve time efficiency in workouts.
4. Plan Ahead...in Pencil
Even the greatest training program can fall apart if unexpected obstacles come up. Changing schedules, injuries, etc. can disrupt a training program. It's important to be able to change on the fly and maintain progress towards your goals.
5.Plan Recovery Into Your Programs
I learned an excellent programming tip from Coach Mike Boyle - build recovery and mobility into workouts. Mobility is frequently overlooked as a part of training and can help improve results and performance. By including mobility work with your lifts allows enough time for recovery after heavy lifts or speed movements. Too often, power developing exercises, such as med ball work or jumps, athletes tend to move on to their next set before allowing proper recovery. By introducing mobility drills as interset rest work, it forces extra time for recovery and maximum force production.
6. Don't Overlook the Warm Up
Looking back on my teenage years, what I miss most is the ability to jump right in to a workout without warming up. Maybe a light set or two before my working sets, if that, and I was at full blast. Now my warm ups take nearly as long, if not longer, than the working sets. Foam rolling, stationary mobility work, activation exercises, dynamic mobility work, then progressing to a complex or other self-limiting exercise to start with low resistance.
Next week, I'll post the second part of the series. If you have any questions or comments, please don't hesitate to contact me.
All the best,
Drew Henley, CSCS, USAW, CES